# Techmath - Math Seminars in Israel

*Abstract:*

A common question in mathematics is &quot;Can global questions be answered by local means?&quot;, this is usually referred to as the &quot;local-global principle&quot;. A famous example is the Hasse-Minkowski theorem on quadratic forms. On the other and, it is also known that the Hasse-Minkowski theorem cannot be extended to cubic forms. In this talk, I will present the local-global principle for automorphic represntations, describe its success in the cuspidal spectrum of the group GL_n and its failure in the cuspidal spectrum of the exceptional group of type G_2.

*Abstract:*

Dear colleagues, The tenth Israel CS theory day will take place at the Open University in Ra'anana on Wednesday, December 20st, 10:00-17:00. (Gathering will start at 09:30.) Check out the exciting schedule of talks, which will be delivered by 7 Israeli speakers who will cross the Atlantic to be with us, at http://www.openu.ac.il/theoryday2017 Pre-registration would be most appreciated and very helpful: https://www.fee.co.il/e38725 For directions, please see http://www.openu.ac.il/raanana/p1.html (parking in the university parking lot is free). Lehitraot, The Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at the Open University

*Abstract:*

Problems pertaining to approximation and their applications have been extensively studied in the theory of convex bodies. In this talk we discuss several such problems, and focus on their extension to the realm of measures. In particular, we discuss variations of problems concerning the approximation of convex bodies by polytopes with a given number of vertices. This is done by introducing a natural construction of convex sets from Borel measures. We provide several estimates concerning these problems, and describe an application to bounding certain average norms. Based on joint work with Han Huang

*Abstract:*

The functoriality conjecture is a key ingredient in the theory of automorphic forms and the Langlands program. Given two reductive groups G and H, the principle of functoriality asserts that a map r:G^->H^ between their dual complex groups should naturally give rise to a map r*:Rep(G)->Rep(H) between their automorphic representations. In this talk, I will describe the idea of functoriality, its connection to L-functions and recent work on weak functorial lifts to the exceptional group of type G_2.

*Abstract:*

The purpose of the talk is to describe some of the main themes, concepts, and challenges in axiomatic set theory.

We will do this by following the study of algebras in set theory which was introduced in the 1960s to investigate infinitary combinatorial problems, and has been part of many fundamental developments in the last decades.

*Abstract:*

We will discuss a somewhat striking spectral property of finitely valued stationary processes on Z that says that if the spectral measure of the process has a gap then the process is periodic. We will give some extensions of this result and discuss its relation to the asymptotic behaviour of random Taylor series with correlated coefficients. The talk will be based on joint works with Alexander Borichev, Alon Nishry and Benjamin Weiss, arXiv:1409.2736 and arXiv:1701.03407.

*Abstract:*

We present a construction of convex bodies from Borel measures on ${\mathbb R}^n$. This construction allows us to study natural extensions of problems concerning the approximation of convex bodies by polytopes. In particular, we study a variation of the vertex index which, in a sense, measures how well a convex body can be inscribed into a polytope with small number of vertices. We discuss several estimates for these quantities, as well as an application to bounding certain average norms. Based on joint work with Han Huang.

*Abstract:*

In this talk we discuss the fine scale $L^2$-mass distribution of toralIn this talk we discuss the fine scale $L^2$-mass distribution of toral Laplace eigenfunctions with respect to random position. For the 2-dimensional torus, under certain flatness assumptions on the Fourier coefficients of the eigenfunctions and generic restrictions on energy levels, both the asymptotic shape of the variance and the limiting Gaussian law are established, in the optimal Planck-scale regime. We also discuss the 3-dimensional case, where the asymptotic behaviour of the variance is analysed in a more restrictive scenario. This is joint work with Igor Wigman.

*Abstract:*

A family of lines through the origin in Euclidean space is calledequiangular if any pair of lines defines the sameangle. The problem of estimating the maximum cardinality of such afamily in $R^n$ was extensively studied for the last 70years. Answering a question of Lemmens andSeidel from 1973, in this talk we show that for every fixed angle$\theta$ and sufficiently large $n$ there are at most $2n-2$ lines in$R^n$ with common angle $\theta$.Moreover, this is achievable only when $\theta =\arccos \frac{1}{3}$.Various extensions of this result to the more general settings oflines with $k$ fixed angles and of spherical codes will be discussedas well. Joint work with I. Balla, F. Drexler and P. Keevash.

*Abstract:*

I shall present two (unrelated) recent applications of caustics, one to lens design and one to visual optics.

*Abstract:*

The Twentieth Bi-Annual Israeli Mini-Workshops in Applied and Computational Mathematics will be held at December 28, 2017, at ORT Braude College in Karmiel. We are pleased to invite the Israeli applied mathematics community to participate in The Twentieth Israeli bi-annual Mini-Workshop in Applied and Computational Mathematics. The idea of these workshops is to create a forum for researchers, especially young faculty members and students, to get to know other members of the community, and to promote discussions as well as collaborations. Poster session: In order to highlight a wide spectrum of topics, there will be a poster session. You are welcome to submit a poster in pdf format to lavi@braude.ac.il by December 17, 2017. Registration: Participation in the workshop is free, but participants are asked to register by sending an e-mail to Anna Shmidov, math@braude.ac.il, so we can be adequately prepared for the day. Please register by 12:00 on Tuesday December 26. Location: VIP Room, EF Building. ORT Braude College. Public Transportations: There is a direct train to Karmiel main train station and from there easy a shuttles to the College. The train website: https://www.rail.co.il/en Local organizers: Aviv Gibali, Mark Elin, Lavi Karp Series founders: Raz Kupferman, Vered Rom-Kedar, Edriss S. Titi

*Abstract:*

I shall review the framework of algebraic families of Harish-Chandra modules, introduced recently, by Bernstein, Higson, and the speaker. Then, I shall describe three of their applications.The first is contraction of representations of Lie groups. Contractions are certain deformations of representations with applications in mathematical physics. The second is the Mackey bijection, this is a (partially conjectural) bijection between the admissible dual of a real reductive group and the admissible dual of its Cartan motion group.The third is the hidden symmetry of the hydrogen atom as an algebraic family of Harish-Chandra modules.

*Abstract:*

After reviewing my work with Vladimir Markovic, constructing nearly geodesic closed surfaces in a given closed hyperbolic 3-manifold, I will describe recent work with Alexander Wright, in which we construct the same kind of object in finite volume (cusped) hyperbolic 3-manifolds. If time permits we will discuss the potential application of these methods to nonuniform lattices in higher rank semisimple Lie groups, and to finding convex cocompact surface subgroups in the mapping class group.

*Abstract:*

We focus on nonconvex and nonsmooth minimization problems with a composite objective, where the differentiable part of the objective is freed from the usual and restrictive global Lipschitz gradient continuity assumption. This long-standing smoothness restriction is pervasive in first order methods, and was recently circumvented for convex composite optimization by Bauschke, Bolte and Teboulle, through a simple and elegant framework which captures, all at once, the geometry of the function and of the feasible set. Building on this work, we tackle genuine nonconvex problems. We first complement and extend their approach to derive a full extended descent lemma by introducing the notion of smooth adaptable functions. We then consider a Bregman-based proximal gradient method for the nonconvex composite model with smooth adaptable functions, which is proven to globally converge to a critical point under natural assumptions on the problem's data, and, in particular, for semi-algebraic problems. To illustrate the power and potential of our general framework and results, we consider a broad class of quadratic inverse problems with sparsity constraints which arises in many fundamental applications, and we apply our approach to derive new globally convergent schemes for this class. The talk is based on joint work with Jerome Bolte (Toulouse), Marc Teboulle (TAU) and Yakov Vaisbroud (TAU).

*Abstract:*

Given $\lambda\in (0,1)$, consider the distribution of the random series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty \pm \lambda^n$, where the signs are chosen randomly and independently, with probabilities $(\half,\half)$.This is a probability measure on the real line, which can be expressed as an infinite Bernoulli convolution product. These measures have been intensively studied since the mid-1930's, because they arise, somewhat unexpectedly, in many different areas, including harmonic analysis, number theory, and number theory. The case of $\lambda < 1/2$ is simple: we get the classical Hausdorff-Lebesgue measure on a Cantor set of constant dissection ratio and zero length, hence the measure is singular. For $\lambda=1/2$ we get a uniform measure on $[-2,2]$, but the case of $\lambda>1/2$ is very challenging. The basic question is to decide whether the resulting measure is absolutely continuous or singular, which is still open. It was believed at first that since the support of the measure is an the entire interval $[-(1-\lambda)^{-1}, (1-\lambda)^{-1}]$, it should be absolutely continuous. This turned out to be false: P. Erdos showed in 1939 that the measure is singular for $\lambda$ reciprocal of a Pisot number, e.g. for $\lambda$ equal to the golden ratio $0.618...$

Since then, many mathematicians (including the speaker) worked on this problem, and much is known by now, but it is still an open question whether all numbers in $(1/2,1)$, other than reciprocals of Pisot numbers, give rise to absolutely continuous measures. In the last five years a dramatic progress has occurred, after a breakthrough by M. Hochman, followed by important results due to P. Shmerkin and P. Varju.In the first part of the talk I will outline this recent development.

Bernoulli convolution measures can be generalized in various directions, which leads to new interesting problems. In the second part of the talk I will report on the recent work, joint with M. Hochman, on the dimension of stationary (Furstenberg) measures for random matrix products, and time permitting, on a joint work with S. Saglietti and P. Shmerkin on absolute continuity of non-homogeneous self-similar measures with ``overlap''.

*Abstract:*

In this talk, I present an analogue of the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture on the asymptotic distribution of prime constellations in the setting of short intervals in function fields of smooth projective curves over finite fields. I will discuss the definition of a "short interval" on a curve as an additive translation of the space of global sections of a sufficiently positive divisor E by a suitable rational function f, and show how this definition generalizes the definition of a short interval in the polynomial setting. I will give a sketch of the proof which includes a computation of a certain Galois group, and a counting argument, namely, Chebotarev density type theorem. This is a joint work with Tyler Foster.

**Note there are two cosecutive talks.**

*Abstract:*

Six years ago, I formulated a conjecture that relates a quantum knot invariant (the degree of the colored Jones polynomial) with a classical topological invariant (a boundary slope of an incompressible surface). We will review old and recent results on this conjecture, and its relations with quadratic integer programming which appears on thequantum side, whereas a linear shadow of it appers on the classical side.

*Abstract:*

Technion &amp;#8211; Israel Institute of Technology supported by the Mallat Family Fund for Research in Mathematics and THE ISRAEL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND HUMANITIESThe Batsheva de Rothschild Fund for The Advancement of Science in IsraelThe American Foundation for Basic Research in Israel Invites you to The Batsheva de Rothschild Seminar on the Hardy-type inequalities and elliptic PDEs 7-11.01.2018 dedicated to Professor Moshe Marcus 80th birthday! Organizing committee: Prof. Dan Mangoubi, Einstein Institute of Mathematics Prof. Yehuda Pinchover, Technion &amp;#8211; Israel Institute of Technology Prof. Mikhail Sodin, Tel Aviv University For More information: http://cms-math.net.technion.ac.il/batsheva-de-rothschild-seminar-on-the-hardy-type-inequalities-and-elliptic-pdes/

*Announcement:*

Technion – Israel Institute of Technology

supported by the Mallat Family Fund for Research in Mathematics

and

THE ISRAEL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND HUMANITIESThe Batsheva de Rothschild Fund forThe Advancement of Science in IsraelThe American Foundation for Basic Research in IsraelInvites you to

#### The Batsheva de Rothschild Seminar on the Hardy-type inequalities and elliptic PDEs

7-11.01.2018

dedicated to Professor Moshe Marcus 80th birthday!

**Organizing committee:**

Prof. Dan Mangoubi, Einstein Institute of Mathematics

Prof. Yehuda Pinchover, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology

Prof. Mikhail Sodin, Tel Aviv University

For More information:

*Abstract:*

T.B.A.

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TBA

*Abstract:*

Markoff triples are integer solutions of the equation $x^2+y^2+z^2=3xyz$ which arose in Markoff's spectacular and fundamental work (1879) on diophantine approximation and has been henceforth ubiquitous in a tremendous variety of different fields in mathematics and beyond. After reviewing some of these, we will discuss joint work with Bourgain and Sarnak on the connectedness of the set of solutions of the Markoff equation modulo primes under the action of the group generated by Vieta involutions, showing, in particular, that for almost all primes the induced graph is connected. Similar results for composite moduli enable us to establish certain new arithmetical properties of Markoff numbers, for instance the fact that almost all of them are composite.

Time permitting, we will also discuss recent joint work with Magee and Ronan on the asymptotic formula for integer points on Markoff-Hurwitz surfaces $x_1^2+x_2^2 + \dots + x_n^2 = x_1 x_2 \dots x_n$, giving an interpretation for the exponent of growth in terms of certain conformal measure on the projective space.

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TBA

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T.B.A.

*Announcement:*

Lecture 1: April 23, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 2: April 25, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 3: April 26, 2018 at 15:30

Light refreshments will be given before the talks in the lounge of the Faculty of Mathematics on the 8th floor.

*Announcement:*

Lecture 1: April 23, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 2: April 25, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 3: April 26, 2018 at 15:30

Light refreshments will be given before the talks in the lounge of the Faculty of Mathematics on the 8th floor.

*Announcement:*

Lecture 1: April 23, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 2: April 25, 2018 at 15:30

Lecture 3: April 26, 2018 at 15:30

Light refreshments will be given before the talks in the lounge of the Faculty of Mathematics on the 8th floor.

*Announcement:*

Title of lectures: *Billiard paths on polygons: Where do they lead?*

LECTURE 1: Monday, April 30, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 2: Tuesday, May 1, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 3: Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 15:30

*Announcement:*

Title of lectures: *Billiard paths on polygons: Where do they lead?*

LECTURE 1: Monday, April 30, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 2: Tuesday, May 1, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 3: Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 15:30

*Announcement:*

Title of lectures: *Billiard paths on polygons: Where do they lead?*

LECTURE 1: Monday, April 30, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 2: Tuesday, May 1, 2018 at 15:30

LECTURE 3: Thursday, May 3, 2018 at 15:30

*Announcement:*

Technion–Israel Institute of Technology

Center for Mathematical Sciences

Supported by the Mallat Family Fund for Research in Mathematics

invite you to a workshop on the topic of

**Nonpositively Curved Groups on the Mediterranean**

**Nahsholim, 23-29.5.18**

**Organizers:**

Kim Ruane,Tufts University

Michah Sageev, Technion–Israel Institute of Technology

Daniel Wise, McGill University

**For more information:**

** http://cms-math.net.technion.ac.il/nonpositively-curved-groups-on-the-mediterranean/ **

*Announcement:*

**TBA....**

For further information please click the link below:

http://cms-math.net.technion.ac.il/summer-school-the-complex-math-of-the-real-world/